英國超級市場 Supermarkets in UK

英國的超級市場已經成為寡頭市場,連鎖超級市場之間也存在著持續的“價格戰”。


英國的不同超市,價格都不同。有一些是獨特超市,所以僅在某些地區或城市才可以找到。 根據超市的位置,規模也會有所不同。而且大多數的超市都有網上送貨服務。也有網上超市,例如 亞馬遜,也提供送貨服務。


在倫敦和曼徹斯特這樣的大城鎮中,超市通常位於市中心,並且較小。大型超級市場通常位於遠離市區的地方,例如城鎮邊緣,並且會提供更多產品。位於市中心的連鎖超市通常會比其較大的城外超市貴一些。


The supermarket industry in the UK has become an oligopolistic market and there are some on-going ‘price wars’ amongst the chain supermarkets.


There are a range of differently priced supermarkets in the UK. Some of the supermarkets are more exclusive and can only be found in certain areas or cities. Depending on the location, the size of the supermarkets will vary and most of them offer online home delivery. There are also online supermarkets e.g. Amazon, which also provide home delivery.


In large towns and cities such as London and Bristol, supermarkets are usually more centrally located and smaller. Larger supermarkets are usually found in less urban areas, such as the edge of towns, and often with bigger range of products. Some supermarket chain stores located in city centre are often slightly more expensive than their larger out-of-town ones.







 

高價格超市

High-priced range supermarkets


Waitrose

https://www.waitrose.com


Pronunciation發音: Wai-trose


千祈唔好讀成 Wait-rose 或 White-rose!唔係白玫瑰呀!

Don’t pronounce it as Wait-rose or White-rose!


Founded: 1904 in Acton, London

Headquarters: London

Number of stores in UK: 338


Waitrose是 John Lewis集團 (曾在京士頓貼文裏提及過的百貨公司) 旗下的超市。產品往往定在較高的價錢範圍,也有網上送貨服務。Waitrose中的一些產品價格可以與其他超市價錢相同。做特價的時候,產品會比其他超市更便宜 。


Waitrose會入一些其他超市沒有的獨家產品和品牌。


自家品牌:

  • Essential Waitrose

  • Waitrose No. 1 (高級)

  • Duchy Organic (有機)

  • Good Health (低卡路里)

  • Heston from Waitrose (高級)


會員:myWaitrose


作為myWaitrose的會員,當你在超市購物時

  • 一杯免費茶或咖啡(請自備杯)

  • 一份免費報紙(至少要買滿 £10)

但是,由於COVID-19關係,目前無法提供免費茶和咖啡。


網上服務:

  • 送貨上門(免費- 最低消費40英鎊)

  • 網上訂購並在商店提取



Waitrose is owned by John Lewis (department store mentioned in the Kingston post) and the products tend to set at a higher priced range and also provide online home delivery service.


The prices of certain products in Waitrose can be matched with other supermarkets, so the prices can be the same. Sometimes it could even be cheaper when sale is on.


Waitrose tends to have some exclusive products and brands which other supermarkets don’t.



Own Brands:

  • Essential Waitrose

  • Waitrose No. 1 (Premium range)

  • Duchy Organic

  • Good Health (low calories)

  • Heston from Waitrose (Premium range)


Loyalty Scheme: myWaitrose


As a myWaitrose member, when you make a purchase in the supermarket, you will get

  • a free tea or coffee (bring your own cup)

  • a free newspaper (minimum shop of £10)

However, free tea and coffee are currently unavailable due to COVID-19.


Online Services:

  • Home delivery (Free with £40 minimum spend)

  • Click and Collect



Marks and Spencer

https://www.marksandspencer.com/


Founded: 1884 in Leeds

Headquarters: London

Number of stores in UK: 1,038


馬莎百貨(Marks and Spencer)是一家英國跨國零售商,專門從事食品,服裝和家庭用品,已有136年的歷史。 M&S Foodhalls 提供高質量的自家品牌產品,當然,質量是有代價的 (£££)。


M&S的價格與Waitrose相似,但某些食品可能比Waitrose便宜一些。近年來,M&S 引入了其他品牌,為客戶提供更多選擇。


從2020年8月開始,M&S 的客戶可以在 Ocado 網上訂購 M&S 的食品和送貨上門。


店鋪規模:

  • Marks and Spencer 馬莎百貨 – 銷售服裝,食品和家用產品

  • M&S Simply Food – 位於市中心和火車站的便利店


會員計劃:Sparks

  • 每次購物都為選定的慈善機捐款 1p

  • 免費贈品,例如一袋 Percy Pigs (糖果),餅乾,購物袋

  • 個人度身優惠:例如 服裝20%折扣


Marks and Spencer is a British multinational retailer specialises in foods, clothing, and home products with 136 years of history. M&S Foodhalls offer high-quality own brand products, and of course quality comes at a price.


M&S has similar prices to Waitrose, but some food products can be slightly cheaper than Waitrose. In recent years, M&S has introduced other brands to provide customers with more choices.


Starting from Sept 2020, M&S's customers can order M&S foods online and home deliver by Ocado.

Store sizes:

  • Marks and Spencer – sell clothing, home furniture and foods

  • M&S Simply Food – convenience store located in city centres and train stations.


Loyalty Scheme: Sparks

  • 1p donation for chosen charity every time you shop

  • Free giveaways such as a bag of Percy pigs, cookies, shopping bag

  • Personalised offers: e.g. 20% off Clothing



 

普通價格超市

Mid-priced range supermarkets


“四大”超市

The ‘big four’ supermarkets:

Tesco, Sainsbury’s, Morrisons and Asda


Tesco

https://www.tesco.com


Founded: 1919 in London

Headquarters: Hertfordshire

Number of stores in UK: 3,968


Tesco 是英國最大的連鎖超市,因此是英國最常見的超市之一。Tesco 的市場定位在普通價格水平(低於Sainsbury’s 少少)。 Tesco 有一些產品與Aldi格價 ,所以價錢是相同的!


Tesco 有入一些亞洲產品和品牌可供購買。 但這一切都取決於超市的位置及其規模。


產品例如: 豉油各種麵類米(泰國和日本)、麵豉醬、紫菜、豆腐、李錦記、淘大、維他奶、出前一丁等。


一些大型超市會24小時營業!


自家品牌:

https://www.tesco.com/groceries/en-GB/zone/exclusively-at-tesco

  • Everyday Value (最便宜) - Stockwell & Co, Eastman’s Deli (熟食) etc.

  • Tesco Finest (高級 - 價格更高,質量更好),

  • Tesco Organic (有機),


自家品牌賣衫部: Tesco F&F


店鋪規模:

Tesco有不同的規模,所以名稱也不同(最大到最小)

  • Extra: 城外大型超市

  • Superstore: 標準大型超市

  • Metro: 主要位於市中心,鄰近火車站,在城鎮大街上

  • Express:位於小社區裹 - 便利店格局(類似7-11)


油站:位於Tesco加油站(比普通的油站便宜一些)



網上服務:

  • 送貨上門

  • 網上訂購並在商店提取


會員計劃:Clubcard

  • 儲分 (Clubcard 分) £1 = 1 point

  • 優惠券

  • 某些產品會有Clubcard價錢所以會便宜一些

  • 有實體卡和手機app



Tesco is UK's largest chain supermarket and thus one of the most common supermarkets you will find. Tesco sets its market in the average range (slightly lower than Sainsbury’s). Certain products are price matched with Aldi!


Tesco does have a range of Asian products and brands available to purchase. But it all depends where the store is located and its size.


e.g. soy sauce, noodles, rice (Thailand and Japanese), miso, seaweed, tofu, Lee Kum Kee, Amoy, Vita Soy, Nissin


Some large Tesco stores opens 24 hour!


Store sizes:

There are different sizes of Tesco with different names (largest to smallest)

  • Extra: Out of town huge supermarket

  • Superstore: Standard large supermarket

  • Metro: Mainly located in the city centre next to the train station, on the high street of town or inner city

  • Express: Located in neighbourhoods as a convenience store (like 7-11)


Own Brands:

https://www.tesco.com/groceries/en-GB/zone/exclusively-at-tesco

  • Everyday Value (Cheapest) - Eastman’s Deli, Stockwell & Co etc.

  • Tesco Finest (highest quality with higher prices),

  • Tesco Organic


Own Clothing Brand: Tesco F&F


Petrol station: located at the Tesco petrol station (Cheaper than normal petrol station)


Online Services:

  • Home delivery

  • Click and Collect


Loyalty Scheme: Clubcard

  • Points saving (Clubcard points) £1 = 1point

  • Coupons

  • Clubcard price on certain products so it will be cheaper

  • Physical card and mobile app



Sainsbury’s

https://www.sainsburys.co.uk/


Founded: 1869 in Holborn, London

Headquarters: London

Number of stores in UK: 1,400+


Sainsbury's 是擁有150年曆史的英國第二大連鎖超市,其價格被認為“四大”超市中最昂貴的一間。


他們提供多種優質產品,有自家品牌也有其他品牌。Sainsbury's 的價格稍貴,但某些產品的價格可能與 M&S 相似。


因 Sainsbury's 擁有大量 Argos 的股份,所以許多大型超市都在店內設有Argos分店。


店鋪規模:

  • Sainsbury’s Superstore – 城鎮/城市邊緣的大型超市

  • Sainsbury’s Local – 城鎮/市中心的便利店


自家品牌:

  • Sainbury’s Basics ( 最便宜 ) - Hubbard's Foodstore, Mary Ann's Dairy etc.

  • By Sainsbury’s ( 普通價 ),

  • Taste The Difference ( 優質 - 價格更高,質量更好 ),

  • Be Good to Yourself ( 低卡路里 ),

  • SO Organic ( 有機 )


個人意見:

  • Sainsbury's Basic 有時可能會 hit-or-miss

  • Taste the Difference 確實有區別


自家品牌賣衫部: Sainbury's TU


油站:在 Sainsbury’s 大型超市的停車場(比普通的油站更便宜)


網上服務:

  • 送貨上門

  • 網上訂購並在商店提取


會員計劃:Nectar

  • 儲分: £1 = 1分

  • 每500分,值£2.50

  • 可以在 Sainsbury's ArgosCinema 或其他合作夥伴品牌上消費。



Sainsbury’s is the second largest supermarket chain in the UK with a history of 150 years, and its price is considered to be most expensive among the ‘big four’ supermarkets.


They offer variety of products, both branded and own-brand, with great quality. Although Sainsbury's is slightly more expensive but some products prices can be similar to M&S.


As Sainsbury’s own Argos, so many superstores have an Argos branch in-store.


Store Sizes:

  • Sainsbury’s Superstore – big stores on edge of towns/cities

  • Sainsbury’s Local – convenience stores in town/city centres


Own Brands:

  • Sainbury’s Basics (Cheapest) - Hubbard's Foodstore, Mary Ann's Dairy etc.

  • By Sainsbury’s (Moderate prices),

  • Taste The Difference (Best quality with higher prices),

  • Be Good to Yourself (lower calories),

  • SO Organic

Personal opinion:

  • Sainsbury’s Basic line can sometimes be hit-or-miss.

  • Taste the Difference line does taste the difference


Own Clothing Brand: Sainsbury's TU


Petrol station: in the car park of some Sainsbury’s Superstores (Cheaper than normal petrol station)


Online services:

  • Home delivery

  • Click and Collect


Loyalty Scheme: Nectar

  • Earn points: £1 = 1 point

  • Every 500 points is worth £2.50 to spend in Sainsbury’s, Argos, Cinema or other partner brands.





Morrisons

https://groceries.morrisons.com/webshop/startWebshop.do


Founded: 1899 in Bradford, Yorkshire

Headquarters: Bradford, Yorkshire

Number of stores: 494

Reference: https://www.farminguk.com/news/coronavirus-morrisons-offers-5-discount-for-farmer-suppliers_55497.html



Morrisons的市場定位在普通價格水平(跟Tesco好似,有時可能會便宜一些)。Morrisons 超級市場的規模通常很大,位於市中心或城鎮外圍。


Morrisons 以 Market Street的理念專注於新鮮食品,以合理的價格為客戶提供優質的新鮮食品。


根據個人經驗:

  • 他們的肉和魚非常新鮮,價錢也非常好。

  • 他們的麵包部也非常出色!

  • Morrisons 的早餐非常好味,所以下次你去的時候可以試一吓。


自家品牌:

  • Morrison,

  • “The Best” (優質)

  • Market Street


自家品牌賣衫部: Morrisons Nutmeg


網上服務:

  • 送貨上門

  • 網上訂購並在商店提取


會員:Morrisons More

  • 儲分 (More 分) £1 = 5 points

  • 5000積分= 5英鎊

  • 有實體卡和手機app

油站:位於Morrisons 的停車場(比普通的油站便宜一些)


Morrisons sets its market in the average range (similar to Tesco and sometimes could be lower). The size of the supermarket is normally huge and is located either in the city centre or just outside of town.


Morrisons focus on fresh food, with its Market Street concept, to provide customers fresh quality foods at reasonable prices.


From a personal experience:

  • Their meat and fish are extremely fresh with a very good price.

  • Their bakery is also really good!

  • Morrisons’ breakfast is delicious so make sure you give the café a visit when you go there.


Own Brands:

  • Morrison,

  • “The Best” (Premium)

  • Market Street


Own Clothing Brand: Morrisons Nutmeg


Online Services:

  • Home delivery

  • Click and Collect


Loyalty Scheme: Morrisons More

  • Saving points (More points)

  • 5000 points = £5

  • Physical card and mobile app


Petrol station: in the car park of some Morrisons stores (Could be cheaper than normal petrol stations)




Asda

https://www.asda.com/


Founded: 1949 in Leeds

Headquarters: Leeds

Number of stores in UK: 600+


Asda 是僅次於 Tesco 和 Sainsbury's 的英國第三大連鎖超市。 它之前由美國的Walmart 擁有21年,直到2020年10月被億萬富 Issa 兄弟收購。


根據最近的 Which? 調查,Asda被評為四大超市中最便宜的一家。它以較低的價格提供與Tesco 和 Sainsbury's 相同質量的產品。某些產品例如 薯片,水果和蔬菜等相對便宜(價格仍比 Aldi 和 Lidl 高一點)。


它的商店比 Tesco 和 Sainsbury's 的商店少,因此很難找到,尤其是在倫敦。 超市的規模通常較大,並且位於城鎮外。


一些大型超市會24小時營業!



店鋪規模:

(最大到最小)

  • Asda Supercentres - 最大型的商店 (最大的 Asda 位於Milton Keynes)

  • Asda Superstores - 最常見的格式

  • Asda Supermarkets - 最細的 Asda, 主要位於火車站旁邊和市中心的大街上

  • Asda Living - 自家服裝品牌 "George"、非食品、家居用品

  • Asda Essentials - 便利店(例如7-11)


自家品牌:

  • Asda

  • Smart Price (最便宜)

  • Extra Special (優質)

  • Farm Stores - 鮮肉


網上服務:

  • 送貨上門

  • 網上訂購並在商店提取


油站:位於 Asda 的停車場(比普通的油站便宜一些)


沒有會員計劃



Asda is the third largest British supermarket chain after Tesco and Sainsbury's. It was previously owned by Walmart for 21 years until it was bought by the billionaire Issa brothers in Oct 2020.


Asda has been named the cheapest out of the "big four", according to recent Which? analysis 2020. It provides similar quality products as Tesco and Sainsbury's for a cheaper price . Certain products such as crisps, fruits and vegetables are relatively cheap (prices are still a little higher than Aldi and Lidl).


It has less locations than Sainsbury's and Tesco, thus harder to find, especially in London. The size of the supermarket is normally large and is located outside of towns or in retail parks.


Some Asda supercentres opens 24 hour!


Store Sizes:

(largest to smallest)

  • Asda Supercentres - largest stores (the largest Asda is located in Milton Keynes)

  • Asda Superstores - large supermarket (most commonly seen)

  • Asda Supermarkets - smallest stores, mainly located in the city centres next to train station, on the high street of towns or inner city