英國租屋 Renting a property in UK


在人生路不熟的國家為自己和家人尋找合適的住所可能會感到壓力很大。本文將為你提供指導和一些在英國的租屋費用、流程及各種事項。


我們總是建議首次入境英國的朋友在 Airbnb 暫住一至兩個月,同時實地考察不同地區及尋找合適的房子來租。在購買房屋之前先租屋將會給你有更大的靈活性來探索英國的不同地區。


如果你真的需要買屋然後才到英國,請參考 “英國買屋流程” <-- coming soon


Finding the right accommodation for yourself and your family can be stressful, especially in an unfamiliar country. This article will give you a guidance and some examples of the rental procedures in the UK.


We always suggest to first arrivals to stay at Airbnb for 1/2 months while visiting different areas and finding a suitable accommodation to rent. Renting a property before buying will give you greater flexibility to explore different areas of the UK.




租客款項

Tenant's Fees


從2019年6月開始,英國禁止地產經紀向租客亂收不合理的費用!地產經紀向你收取 agent 費是違法的。https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/tenant-fees-act


房東或地產經紀只可向新租客收取的款項是:

  • 租金

  • 可退還的按金,每年租金少於 £50,000 時,房東不可以收超過 5 星期租金的按金;如果每年租金多於 £50,000 時,按金不可收超過 6 星期的租金

  • 可退還的訂金(用於保留房屋),訂金不可收超過 1星期的租金

  • 如租客提前終止租約相關的費用

  • 更改、轉讓或更新租約的付款不可收超過 £50

  • 水電煤、互聯網、TV licence 和市政稅費用

  • 根據租約協議的要求,延遲交租和遺失鎖匙或保安系統是需要費用


From June 2019, there is a ban on letting agent fees for tenants in the UK! It is illegal for a letting agent to charge you fees when you rent an accommodation. https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/tenant-fees-act


The only payments that landlords or letting agents can charge to new tenants are:

  • Rent

  • A refundable tenancy deposit capped at no more than 5 weeks’ rent where the total annual rent is less than £50,000, or 6 weeks’ rent where the total annual rent is £50,000 or above

  • A refundable holding deposit (to reserve a property) capped at no more than 1 week’s rent

  • Payment associated with early termination of the tenancy, when requested by the tenant

  • Payment capped at £50 for the variation, assignment or novation of a tenancy

  • Payments in respect of utilities, communication services, TV licence and Council Tax

  • A default fee for late payment of rent and replacement of a lost key/ security device giving access to the housing, where required under a tenancy agreement



英格蘭 England: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/how-to-rent/how-to-rent-the-checklist-for-renting-in-england


蘇格蘭 Scotland: https://www.mygov.scot/rent-private-landlord/


威爾斯 Wales: https://gov.wales/renting-home-private-landlord-or-letting-agent-guidance-tenants


北愛爾蘭 Northern Ireland: https://www.nidirect.gov.uk/articles/private-rent-and-tenancies




租屋的過程

The process of renting



第一步

  • 設定預算,以確保你有足夠的錢來支付水電煤、互聯網和市政稅,以及其他生活費用。請記住入夥前需要支付訂金、按金及頭一個月的租金或半年租金。

  • 選擇幾個區域並在每個區中進行研究: 列出優點及缺點,以幫助縮細選擇宜居的範圍


大多數地產會通過以下網站列出租盤


https://www.rightmove.co.uk/ - Largest property website

https://www.zoopla.co.uk/ - Second largest

https://www.spareroom.co.uk/ - House sharing

https://www.idealflatmate.co.uk/ - House sharing

https://www.roomgo.co.uk/ - House sharing

https://www.openrent.co.uk/

https://www.findahood.com/ - Finding the perfect neighbourhood for your family

https://www.gumtree.com/

https://www.movebubble.com/


可以使用這些網站搜尋租盤/房,在網頁上填寫你的要求 例如價錢、 臥室數量、房屋類型 (公寓、排屋、半獨立或獨立屋) 等等。


有些租盤配有家私,價格將比沒有家私的租盤貴一點,但對於新來者來說是很方便。



Step 1

  • Set your budget to ensure you have enough money left over for water, gas, electricity and council bills, and other living expenses. Remember to take into account that, you will need to pay an upfront deposit as well as the refundable holding deposit.

  • Choose few areas and do research in each: list out pros and cons to help narrow your search

Most letting agents would list their properties on the websites below:


https://www.rightmove.co.uk/ - Largest property website

https://www.zoopla.co.uk/ - Second largest

https://www.spareroom.co.uk/ - House sharing

https://www.idealflatmate.co.uk/ - House sharing

https://www.roomgo.co.uk/ - House sharing

https://www.openrent.co.uk/

https://www.findahood.com/ - Finding the perfect neighbourhood for your family

https://www.gumtree.com/

https://www.movebubble.com/


You can use these websites to search for your accommodation. Choose the area and filter your budget, number of bedrooms, type of houses: flat, terraced, semi-detached, or detached house.


Some properties are furnished and will cost slightly more than unfurnished, but it is convenient for new arrivals.




第2步


安排睇租盤 :

  • 你可以打電話或 send email 安排睇屋。

  • 除了睇屋,還應該了解附近環境,查看是否適合你的家庭。

  • 如果是共享房屋,需要了解一下其他租客的背景。


向房東或地產查詢的問題:

  • 多少租金以及如何支付?

  • 房租包括其他 bills? 例如 水電煤、互聯網和市政稅

  • 可以租幾耐?

  • 需不需要支付任何仲介費用?

  • 如何保護你的按金及訂金?

  • 詢問該物業是由房東還是地產管理?

  • 同意租屋之前,請先詢問任何條件。 例如,你可能不允許吸煙或養寵物

查看能源節省證書 (EPC): 會告訴你該物業的能源效率。等級 A 是最慳電的,而G是最低級。


查詢同意租屋時需要出示什麼文件!請參閱第四步



Step 2


Arrange viewings:

  • You can either call or email to arrange all house viewings.

  • Apart from viewing the house, you should also walk around the neighbourhood to see if it is suitable for your family.

  • If it is a house-share, meet all the people you’ll be moving in with.


Questions to ask your landlord or letting agent:

  • How much rent you’ll have to pay and how it should be paid?

  • Does your rent includes any bills?

  • How long you can rent for?

  • Check if you need to pay any fees if you rent from a letting agent.

  • How your tenancy deposit will be protected?

  • Ask whether the property will be managed by the landlord or the letting agent

  • Ask about any conditions before you agree to take a property. For example, you might not allowed to smoke or have pets.


Check the Energy Performance Certificate (EPC): this will tell you how energy efficient the property is. The rating A is the most energy efficient and G is the least.


Ask what documents you will need to show when agree to rent! -- Please see Step 4




第三步


https://www.citizensadvice.org.uk/housing/renting-privately/private-renting/how-much-it-costs-to-rent/


在報價之前,你可以與房東或地產協商租金價格。你可以討價還價,例如 租期長短、租金中包括電費 等等。確保白紙黑字為證。同意租金價格後,你需要存入一筆訂金,用於保留房屋。訂金通常相當於一個星期的租金,地產會提交給房東。你的訂金將從總租金中扣除。


在支付訂金前,確保你不會改變主意,因為如改變主意通常不會退還這筆錢。如果房東或地產決定不繼續租給你,請確保你的訂金可退還。


支付訂金後,你有15天的時間提供所有必需的文件(第4步)並簽署租賃協議。你可要求延期,但請確保白紙黑字為證。


房東或地產不會退還訂金,如果你:

  • 決定不入住,或

  • 在15天內沒有給他們提供正確的資料,或

  • 向他們提供虛假或誤導性資料

所以在支付訂金前,請確保你擁有所有正確的文件。