開設英國銀行戶口 Open a UK Bank Account

英國有許多不同類型的銀行戶口。 我們將討論幾種常見的銀行戶口,和分享一些開設英國戶口的真實例子。


There are many different types of bank accounts in the UK. We will be discussing a few common types of bank accounts and sharing some real life examples of how to open a UK bank account.


更多詳細資料關於英國不同的銀行,請瀏覽我們的網頁 "英國銀行"。

Please visit our webpage "UK banks" for more details about different types of banks. 



開設銀行戶口所需的一般文件

General documents needed for opening a bank account


1) Proof of Identity 身份證明

  • Passport 護照

  • Driving Licence 駕駛執照

  • National ID card 身份證

2) Proof of address 住址證明

  • Utility Bill 水電媒單

  • Phone Bill 電話單

  • Council Tax Bill 差餉 (區/市政府稅單)

  • Rent Agreement 租約合同

  • Mortgage Statement 按揭單

  • Bank Statement 銀行月結單

3) Proof of income 入息證明

  • Bank Statement 銀行月結單

  • Pay slips 糧單

  • P60 (statement of issued to UK taxpayer at the end of the tax year 稅局會在財政年度未發給英國納稅人的文件)

  • Letter from a recognised employer 認可雇主的聘書

  • Tax returns (for self-employed) 納稅申報單(自僱人士)



Types of accounts 不同類型的戶口:


1) 基本戶口

Basic Current Accounts


大多數銀行會提供’基本戶口’,這些戶口專為部分在英國沒有銀行戶口,不符合標準傳統往來戶口或遇到財務困難的人而設計。


‘基本戶口’具有與傳統往來戶口相同的功能,但設施較少。

例如

  • 沒有透支

  • 沒有支票簿

  • 有 Contactless ( Santander)

  • 沒有儲蓄利息 等等

每間銀行都有不同的政策,因此請向每個銀行查詢。


包含什麼?

  • 擁有一張 Debit 銀行咭

  • 在ATM 提取現金

  • 網上電話和 Apps 理財


Most banks will offer basic accounts which are designed for those who doesn’t have a bank account in the UK, don’t qualify for a standard classic current account or experiencing financial difficulty.


A basic account has the same facilities as a classic current account but fewer amenities.

For example,

  • No overdraft

  • No cheque book

  • No contactless (Santander)

  • No saving interest etc.

Each bank have different policies so please check with each bank.


What is included?

  • Debit card

  • Withdraw cash from ATM

  • Online, telephone and app banking

Examples 列子:

Lloyds:

https://www.lloydsbank.com/current-accounts/all-accounts/basic-account.html


Barclays:

https://www.barclays.co.uk/current-accounts/basic-account/


Natwest:

https://personal.natwest.com/personal/current-accounts/foundation_account.html


Santander:

https://www.santander.co.uk/personal/current-accounts/basic-current-account


Bank of Scotland:

https://www.bankofscotland.co.uk/bankaccounts/compare-current-accounts/basic-account.html


Halifax:

https://www.halifax.co.uk/bankaccounts/current-accounts/basic-account.html


TSB:

https://www.tsb.co.uk/current-accounts/cash-account/


HSBC:

https://www.hsbc.co.uk/current-accounts/products/basic-bank-account/




2) 傳統往來戶口

Classic Current Account


這是英國最常見的戶口類型。

This is the most common type of account in the UK.


包含什麼?

What is included?

  • Have a debit card

  • Withdraw cash from ATM

  • Cheque book

  • Overdraft service

  • Saving interest

  • 擁有一張 Debit 銀行咭 (等於香港EPS)

  • 在ATM 提取現金

  • 支票簿

  • 透支服務

  • 儲蓄利息

Examples 列子:


Lloyds

https://www.lloydsbank.com/current-accounts.html?WT.ac=topnav

Club Lloyds

https://www.lloydsbank.com/current-accounts/all-accounts/club-lloyds.html

  • No fee (if pay in £1500 each month) or £3/month

  • A reward each year: cinema tickets, rental movie rental, gourmet society membership or annual magazine subscription

  • 冇手續費 (每月有£1500入戶口) 或每月£3

  • 每年可以選擇一個優惠: 電影飛、租借電影、食物/餐廳咭、一年雜誌免費訂閱


Barclays

https://www.barclays.co.uk/current-accounts/bank-account/


NatWest

https://personal.natwest.com/personal/current_accounts.html?intcam=PC_HP-HI-UKN2-DEF

HSBC

https://www.hsbc.co.uk/current-accounts/

Santander

https://www.santander.co.uk/personal/current-accounts

BEA

https://www.hkbea.co.uk/html/en/beauk-personal-banking-personal-current-account.html



3) 儲蓄戶口

Saving Account

  • Different banks have different interest rates

  • 不同的銀行有不同的儲蓄利息

Examples 列子:


Santander

https://www.santander.co.uk/personal/savings-and-investments/savings

NatWest

https://personal.natwest.com/personal/savings.html

Barclays https://www.barclays.co.uk/savings/instant-access/

HSBC

https://www.hsbc.co.uk/savings/

Lloyds

https://www.lloydsbank.com/savings.html




4) 兒童/青少年戶口

Children/ Youth Account

  • Age 7-17

  • Different banks will offer a child or youth account at different age

  • 七至十七歲

  • 不同的銀行會提供不同年齡的兒童或青少年戶口

Examples 列子:


HSBC

https://www.hsbc.co.uk/current-accounts/products/children/


Santander

https://www.santander.co.uk/personal/current-accounts/123-mini-current-account


NatWest

https://personal.natwest.com/personal/current-accounts/adapt_account.html


Barclays

https://www.barclays.co.uk/current-accounts/childrens-bank-account/

https://www.barclays.co.uk/current-accounts/young-persons-account/


Lloyds

https://www.lloydsbank.com/current-accounts/all-accounts/under-19s-account.html




5) 學生戶口

Student Account

  • For University students and apprentices

  • Have overdraft limits (0% interest)

  • Some banks offer a credit card

  • Some banks give some perks (e.g. railcard, Amazon voucher, coach card etc)

  • 給大學生和學徒課程學生

  • 有透支額度(0% 利息)

  • 有些銀行會出一張信用卡

  • 有些銀行會送一些優惠 (例如 火車咭、 Amazon 禮卷、 旅遊巴士咭 等等)

https://www.savethestudent.org/money/student-banking/student-bank-accounts.html




6) Individual Savings Accounts (ISAs)

免稅收入戶口 (2020年4月 - 2021年三月) 最高可儲達 £20,000 (免稅)

Income from tax-exempt accounts

Maximum £20,000 saving for each tax year

https://www.gov.uk/individual-savings-accounts

  • Ask your own bank and create an ISA account

  • There are 4 types of ISA accounts

  • 可以去問你自己的銀行去開一個 ISA 戶口

  • 共有4種ISA 戶口類型

  1. Cash ISAs

  2. Stocks and shares ISAs

  3. Innovative finance ISAs

  4. Lifetime ISAs

你可以開多個 ISAs 戶口,但總額存款不可以超過二萬英磅

You can open multiple ISAs accounts, only if the total deposit does not exceed £20,000


Examples 列子:

https://www.barclays.co.uk/savings/isas/

https://www.hsbc.co.uk/savings/isas/

https://personal.natwest.com/personal/savings/isa-overview.html

https://www.lloydsbank.com/isas.html

https://www.santander.co.uk/personal/savings-and-investments/isas




7) 國際戶口

International bank accounts


國際銀行戶口會要求保持一定數量的存款或投資。如果無法維持一定的資金量,銀行會將向收取月費。一些銀行可能允許你在國外 (例如香港) 開設此類戶口


英國銀行戶口的運作和性質與香港綜合銀行戶口不同。

*請查看我們的 '英國國際銀行戶口' 的詳細信息。


International bank accounts will require you to keep a high minimum balance of saving or investment. If you are unable to sustain a curtain amount of money, you will be charged a monthly fee. Some banks may allow you to open this type of account aboard e.g. Hong Kong.


The purpose and nature of international bank accounts in the UK are different to Hong Kong.

*Please read our 'The UK Internation Bank Accounts' for more details.


Examples 列子:


Barclays:

沒有月費,如果

年薪收入至少 £50,000 或 存款/投資最低 £25,000

No monthly fees if

Annual income of at least £50,000 or save/invest at least £25,000

https://international.barclays.com/banking/international-bank-account/


Lloyds:

  • Monthly fee 月費: £7.50

  • Annual income of at least £50,000 or save/invest at least £25,000

  • 年薪收入至少 £50,000 或 存款/投資最低 £25,000

https://international.lloydsbank.com/products-and-services/current-accounts/


  • Premier International Accounts

  • 沒有月費,但需要存款/投資最低 £100,000 或 年薪收入至少 £100,000

  • No monthly fees if save/invest at least £100,000 or annual income at least £100,000

https://international.lloydsbank.com/products-and-services/current-accounts/premier-international-account/

International Saving Accounts

https://international.lloydsbank.com/products-and-services/saving-accounts/



Santander:

https://www.santanderinternational.co.uk/banking/bank-accounts/gold-bank-accounts


NatWest:

https://www.natwestinternational.com/international-banking.html


Halifax:

  • Monthly fee 月費: £7.50

  • Annual income of at least £50,000 or save/invest at least £25,000

  • 年薪收入至少 £50,000 或 儲蓄/投資最低 £25,000

https://www.halifax.co.uk/bankaccounts/international-banking.html


Bank of Scotland:

https://www.bankofscotland.co.uk/bankaccounts/international-banking.html




8) 聯名戶口

Joint Accounts

https://www.moneysupermarket.com/current-accounts/joint-bank-accounts/


Examples 列子:

Lloyds:

https://www.lloydsbank.com/current-accounts/all-accounts/joint-account.html


Barclays:

https://www.barclays.co.uk/current-accounts/bank-account/joint-account/


NatWest:

https://personal.natwest.com/personal/current-accounts/joint-account.html


Sandander:

https://www.santander.co.uk/personal/support/current-accounts/joint-accounts


Halifax:

https://www.halifax.co.uk/bankaccounts/joint-accounts.html


Bank of Scotland:

https://www.bankofscotland.co.uk/bankaccounts/joint-accounts.html


Monzo:

https://monzo.com/features/joint-accounts/




9) Packaged Bank Accounts

https://www.which.co.uk/money/banking/bank-accounts/best-bank-accounts/best-packaged-bank-accounts-av2xv2k5wq9m


一些往來戶口具有額外的好處,例如提供(全家)旅行,手機和汽車故障保險,但這些戶口需要月費。


月費:£13-£31


每間銀行都有不同的費用和優惠,因此請與每間銀行查詢。


Some current accounts come with extra benefits, for example provide travel, mobile and car breakdown insurance but will require customers to pay a monthly fee.


Monthly fee: £13- £31


Each bank has different fees and benefits, so please check with each bank.



Examples 列子:


Nationwide:

£13 per month: family travel, family mobile phone, and UK & EU breakdown insurance

https://www.nationwide.co.uk/products/current-accounts/flexplus/features-and-benefits?cpmid=Aggregator_1_1_1


Co-operative bank:

£15 per month: family travel, breakdown and mobile insurance

https://www.co-operativebank.co.uk/currentaccounts/everydayextra


Halifax:

https://www.halifax.co.uk/bankaccounts/current-accounts/ultimate-reward-current-account.html


NatWest:

https://personal.natwest.com/personal/current-accounts/reward_silver_account.html

https://personal.natwest.com/personal/current-accounts/reward_platinum_account.html


Lloyds:

https://www.lloydsbank.com/current-accounts/all-accounts/platinum-account.html


Royal Bank of Scotland:

https://personal.rbs.co.uk/premier-banking/products/current-accounts/premier-reward-account.html

https://personal.rbs.co.uk/premier-banking/products/current-accounts/reward-black-account.html


Barclays: (currently unavailable due to pandemic)

https://www.barclays.co.uk/insurance/travel-insurance/travel-pack/




10) Premier Bank Accounts


Premier戶口的目標客戶是高收入年薪 £75,000 以上或有大量資金可以儲蓄/投資的人。


月費:£0


擁有 Premier 戶口的客戶將享受優惠:

  • 免費使用機場貴賓室

  • 免費機票

  • 旅行保險

  • 低按揭利率

每間銀行都有不同的優惠,因此請向每間銀行查詢。



Premier accounts are aimed for people who has high earning £75,000+ or has a large sum of money to save/invest.


Monthly fee: £0


Customers with premier accounts will have benefits such as:

  • Free airport lounge access

  • Free flight tickets

  • Travel insurance

  • Special mortgage rates etc.

Each bank has different benefits, so please check with each bank.



Examples 列子:


Citibank UK:

https://www.citibank.co.uk/personal/apply-citigold-avios.do


Barclays:

https://www.barclays.co.uk/premier-banking/current-accounts/


Santander:

https://www.santander.co.uk/select/support/join-us


Royal Bank of Scotland:

https://personal.rbs.co.uk/premier-banking/products/current-accounts/premier-select-account.html


NatWest:

https://personal.natwest.com/premier-banking/products/current-accounts/premier-select-account.html



 

開設英國虛擬銀行戶口

Opening UK Virtual Bank Account


列子 Example: Monzo

https://monzo.com/i/current-account/

https://monzo.com/i/savingwithmonzo/

  • Download the mobile app

  • Follow the instructions to apply

  • Record a face and voice video

  • 下載手機app

  • 按著指示進行申請

  • 錄製視頻 (面部和語音)


 

在香港開設英國戶口 (離岸戶口 / 海外戶口)

Opening UK bank account in Hong Kong